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The majority of live aquarium plants available on our online store here are grown submersed indoors, mostly in our own aquariums. This is a big positive advantage for you as you do not have to deal with the pain of plant melting issues which affect certain tissue culture and emersed grown aquarium plants. If you are buying an emersed grown plant from a shop and planting it inside your aquarium, it would likely melt as it transitions from emersed to submersed state, a process that can take several weeks. During the melting process, leaves may turn yellow or brown and die off which is not only unsightly but can also lead to other deeper problems. When the leaves die off, the organics and phosphate level in your aquarium would increase. Excess organics and excess phosphate/nutrient imbalance can lead to algae problems including BBA and green hair algae.
This is why submersed grown aquarium plants such as submersed Bucephalandra are usually better for the customer for aquarium purpose compared to emersed grown or tissue culture plants as the plant melting transition issue and mess can be avoided. For most submersed grown non-difficult aquarium plants (compared to emersed grown), you can literally plant it in your aquarium and enjoy plant growth next week with basic care instead of watching it melt while transitioning for the next few weeks.
However, most commercial growers would put a heavier priority in the emersed outdoor growing method as it has much less cost (free sunlight, no expensive lighting required, no aquarium filter required, no expensive CO2 setup and gas required, much less water and less electricity costs etc).
Besides that, it takes more time for an aquarium plant to be grown submersed as it grows slower this way compared to when it is grown emersed. It also takes more effort as plants grown submersed means a lot of effort needs to be to put to achieve 24/7 nutrient balance, water quality and excellent water flow to avoid algae issues, especially under high-intensity lighting.
Although it costs us much more, but as true aquarium and aquatic plant hobbyists at heart, we always put heavier priority in the indoor-aquarium submersed growing method. We want to help our customers avoid transitional melting issues. We hope our customers are able to enjoy buying aquarium plants and aquascaping them the way they want with minimal pain or mess. Growing aquarium plants submersed in aquariums indoor with Co2 system, high tech LED and multiple filters in every aquarium to produce quality submersed plants is costly for us and takes real hard work, effort and a lot of time.
For aquarium purpose, submersed vs emersed-grown aquatic plants is usually about a case of quality vs quantity. Submersed grown aquarium plants usually costs more and may be smaller (due to higher growing costs) but transition better which means there would be fewer melting issues in an aquarium.
Another advantage of growing indoor submersed is that we can ensure our aquarium plants are free from terrestrial bugs and outdoor pests, for example, dragonfly larvae which can prey on shrimps and small fishes/fry.
You can read about the difference of emersed and submersed aquarium plants in the spec-tanks.com article here which explains that most nurseries grow plants emersed as it is more economical/cheaper cost for them but the plants will have a harder time transitioning with the end-user (customer).
We do provide some emersed and tissue culture for certain plant varieties as we have some customers who specifically ask or need them (such as for their terrarium and paludarium tanks).
As part of our quality process, we also do very frequent cleaning and maintenance of our plants beyond the norm. This includes frequently checking for and cleaning out (if found) weeds such as duckweed and Utricularia Gibba carnivorous weed which is really hard to get rid of once it enters a customer's aquarium. All this is done to ensure our customers are getting the best quality plants without unwanted weeds and mess to deal with.
When it comes to rare mosses as well as other rare plants. we do a lot of research and cultivation observations which enable us to have high accuracy and correct labelling of more than 30+ mosses including similar and very rare types such as Weeping Moss and Pilo Moss. We discard unknown mixed mosses to ensure the pureness of each moss is maintained and not contaminated. One example is when we discard Peacock Moss and Christmas Moss if it is has been mixed with a similar moss beyond recognition. This is important for customers as you can be sure of exactly what you are getting.
All of our plants that we send are also fully labelled so that you know exactly what you are getting and do not have to deal with the mess of wondering which is which. They are packaged properly with individual zip-seal plastics, then protected by either a paper or plastic box so that they will arrive you safely. We provide tracking number after postage with guaranteed delivery. We will also provide you with free plant care and growing advice if you need. If you need aquascaping ideas and plant recommendations, feel free to ask us and we would be happy to help as well :)